|This special issue will examine the impacts of rail transit including both inter-city and intra-city systems along multiple dimensions in different local, regional, and national contexts. It provides a unique opportunity to look at rail transit from interdisciplinary perspectives and to form a systematic and coherent view on effective planning and policy interventions to direct economic growth and urban development enabled by rail transit investment and to mitigate potential negative effect. The special issue aims to attract high-quality papers on the rail transit systems in China. Studies focusing on rail transit development in other countries are also welcome. Initial paper submission due September 1, 2017.