The effect of workplace relocation on individuals’ activity travel behavior

Francois Sprumont, Francesco Viti

Abstract


On working days, homes and workplaces can be seen as anchor locations at the heart of daily mobility patterns, as well as being central to an employee’s activity pattern. In this study, we investigate how workplace relocation affects the entire daily activity-travel chain. While past research has shown that workplace decentralization is often associated with higher car use for the commuting trip, little is known about the effect on the whole activity travel pattern. Two waves of a two-week travel diary were completed by 43 employees of the University of Luxembourg: one before and one after the relocation of their office. Using descriptive statistics as well as standard deviational ellipses (SDE) theory combined with the results of a clustering analysis showed that workers’ activity spaces (represented by the standard deviational ellipses) were significantly modified due to the relocation of a single anchor activity location, i.e., their workplace.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Aarhus, K. (2000). Office location decisions, modal split and the environment: The ineffectiveness of Norwegian land-use policy. Journal of Transport Geography, 8(4), 287–294.

Bamberg, S. (2006). Is a residential relocation a good opportunity to change people’s travel behavior? Results from a theory-driven intervention study. Environment and Behavior, 38(6), 820–840.

Bell, D. A. (1991). Office location — city or suburbs? Travel impacts arising from office relocation from city to suburbs. Transportation, 18(3), 239–259.

Buliung, R. N., & Kanaroglou, P. S. (2006). A GIS toolkit for exploring geographies of household activity/travel behavior. Journal of Transport Geography, 14(1), 35–51.

Burke, M. I., Li, T., & Dodson, J. (2011). What happens when government workers move to the suburbs? Impact on transport of planned decentralization of employment in Brisbane, Australia.

Carpentier, S., & Gerber, P. (2009). Les déplacements domicile-travail: En voiture, en train ou à pied? Retrieved from https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-01132986/document

Cervero, R., & Landis, J. (1992). Suburbanization of jobs and the journey to work: A submarket analysis of commuting in the San Francisco Bay Area. Journal of Advanced Transportation, 26(3), 275–297.

Cervero, R., & Wu, K.-L. (1998). Sub-centering and commuting: Evidence from the San Francisco Bay Area, 1980-90. Urban Studies, 35(7), 1059–1076.

Chilla, T., & Schulz, C. (2015). Spatial development in Luxembourg: Mimetic evolution or emergence of a new planning culture? European Planning Studies, 23(3), 509–528.

Drevon, G., Gerber, P., Klein, O., & Enaux, C. (2016).

Measuring functional integration by identifying the trip chains and the profiles of cross-border workers: Empirical evidences from Luxembourg. Journal of Borderlands Studies. doi: 10.1080/08865655.2016.1257362

Epstein, D. (2010). L’évolution de la vitesse de déplacement domicile-travail au Luxembourg de 1960 à nos jours. Les Cahiers Du CEPS/INSTEAD, p. num. 2010-17, 20 p.

Gong, J. (2002). Clarifying the standard deviational ellipse. Geographical Analysis, 34(2), 155–167.

Gordon, P., & Richardson, H. W. (1997). Are compact cities a desirable planning goal? Journal of the American Planning Association, 63(1), 95–106.

Hanssen, J. U. (1995). Transportation impacts of office relocation: A case study from Oslo. Journal of Transport Geography, 3(4), 247-256.

Klein, S. (2010). Les transports en commun au Luxembourg en 2006-2007. Les Cahiers Du CEPS/INSTEAD, p. Cahier n°2010-11, 20 p.

Kwan, M.-P. (1998). Space-time and integral measures of individual accessibility: A comparative analysis using a point-based framework. Geographical Analysis, 30(3), 191–216.

Lefever, D. W. (1926). Measuring geographic concentration by means of the standard deviational ellipse. American Journal of Sociology, 32(1), 88–94.

Li, T., Burke, M., & Dodson, J. (2016). Transport impacts of government employment decentralization in Australian city – Testing scenarios using transport simulation. Socio-Economic Planning Sciences, 58, 63–71.

Mitchell, A. (2005). The ESRI guide to GIS analysis, Volume 2: Spatial measurements and statistics. Redlands, CA: ESRI Press.

Naess, P., & Sandberg, S. L. (1996). Workplace location, modal split and energy use for commuting trips. Urban Studies, 33(3), 557–580.

Perchoux, C., Kestens, Y., Thomas, F., Hulst, A. V., Thierry, B., & Chaix, B. (2014). Assessing patterns of spatial behavior in health studies: Their socio-demographic determinants and associations with transportation modes (the RECORD Cohort Study). Social Science & Medicine, 119, 64–73.

Rau, H., & Manton, R. (2016). Life events and mobility milestones: Advances in mobility biography theory and research. Journal of Transport Geography, 52, 51–60.

Redmond, L. S., & Mokhtarian, P. L. (2001). The positive utility of the commute: Modeling ideal commute time and relative desired commute amount. Transportation, 28(2), 179–205.

Schoenduwe, R., Mueller, M. G., Peters, A., & Lanzendorf, M. (2015). Analyzing mobility biographies with the life course calendar: A retrospective survey methodology for longitudinal data collection. Journal of Transport Geography, 42, 98–109.

Schönfelder, S., & Axhausen, K. W. (2003). Activity spaces: Measures of social exclusion? Transport Policy, 10(4), 273–286.

Sprumont, F., Viti, F., Caruso, G., & König, A. (2014). Workplace relocation and mobility changes in a transnational metropolitan area: The case of the University of Luxembourg. Transportation Research Procedia, 4, 286–299.

STATEC (2016). Emploi et chômage par mois 2000 – 2016. Retrieved from http://www.statistiques.public.lu/

TomTom Traffic Index. (2015). Retrieved from https://www.tomtom.com/en_gb/trafficindex/

Van Acker, V., van Wee, B., & Witlox, F. (2010). When transport geography meets social psychology: Toward a conceptual model of travel behavior. Transport Reviews, 30(2), 219–240

Vale, D. S. (2013). Does commuting time tolerance impede sustainable urban mobility? Analyzing the impacts on commuting behavior as a result of workplace relocation to a mixed-use center in Lisbon. Journal of Transport Geography, 32, 38–48.

Walther, O., & Dautel, V. (2010). Intra-regional employment growth in Luxembourg (1994–2005). Geografiska Annaler. Series B, Human Geography, 92(1), 45–63.

Yuill, R. S. (1971). The standard deviational ellipse: An updated tool for spatial description. Geografiska Annaler. Series B, Human Geography, 53(1), 28–39.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5198/jtlu.2018.1123


Copyright (c) 2018 Francois Sprumont, Francesco Viti