Identifying appropriate land-use mix measures for use in a national walkability index

Authors

  • Suzanne Mavoa Melbourne School of Population and Global Health, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia http://orcid.org/0000-0002-6071-2988
  • Serryn Eagleson Faculty of Architecture, Building, and Planning, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia
  • Hannah M Badland Healthy Liveable Cities Group, Centre for Urban Research, RMIT University, Melbourne, Australia http://orcid.org/0000-0002-8936-2715
  • Lucy Gunn Healthy Liveable Cities Group, Centre for Urban Research, RMIT University, Melbourne, Australia
  • Claire Boulange Healthy Liveable Cities Group, Centre for Urban Research, RMIT University, Melbourne, Australia
  • Joshua Stewart Victorian Department of Economic Development, Jobs, Transport, and Resources, Victoria, Australia
  • Billie Giles-Corti Healthy Liveable Cities Group, Centre for Urban Research, RMIT University, Melbourne, Australia http://orcid.org/0000-0003-0102-0225

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5198/jtlu.2018.1132

Keywords:

land use, walkability, walking, built environment, GIS

Abstract

Walkability indices can guide planning and policy for more sustainable and liveble cities. Land-use mix is an important component of walkability that can be measured in a number of ways. Many land-use mix measures require fine-scaled land-use data that are not always available, especially when analyzing walkability across larger geographic extents. This study investigated the feasibility of calculating a national walkability index in Australia, using metropolitan Melbourne as a case study. The study focused on the dual challenges of selecting an appropriate measure of land-use mix and identifying an appropriate land-use data source. We calculated an entropy land-use mix measure with three different Australian land-use datasets. Our comparison of the resulting land-use mix measures highlighted the differences in the land-use datasets and led to our conclusion that none of the three land-use datasets was appropriate for use in a national land-use mix measure. Therefore, we also developed two new exploratory “intensity” measures of land use — daily living and local living — that were able to be calculated nationally with readily available data. Modelled associations with transport walking and comparisons with the entropy land-use mix measures indicate that these new measures were appropriate for assessing national land use in a national walkability index.

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Published

2018-10-10

How to Cite

Mavoa, S., Eagleson, S., Badland, H. M., Gunn, L., Boulange, C., Stewart, J., & Giles-Corti, B. (2018). Identifying appropriate land-use mix measures for use in a national walkability index. Journal of Transport and Land Use, 11(1). https://doi.org/10.5198/jtlu.2018.1132

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