Evaluating the effects of land use and strategies for parking and transit supply on mode choice of downtown commuters
Keywords:Land use, Mode choice, simultaneous equation modeling, cluster analysis, self-selection
AbstractMetropolitan regions around the world are looking for sustainable strategies to battle energy consumption and emissions. These strategies include land use policies and the desire to decrease the externalities from transportation and therefore increase the share of public transit use. The goal of this research is to better understand the relationships between Land-use (LU), public transit accessibility (PT), parking policies, and mode choice for suburban Montreal commuters. In this regard we evaluate the potential impact of land-use, transit accessibility and parking policies on the mode choice of the households dwelling in commuter rail line catchments in the region of Montreal, Canada. The approach adopted here is to consider mode choice as a joint decision with neighborhood type choice, based on neighborhood typologies derived using a cluster analysis characterized by land use variables. Also, the effect of parking fees on mode choice is investigated and quantified. The method used in this study is a simultaneous modeling approach to account for the endogeneity of mode and household location choice. The model system is made up of two models – a neighborhood type choice model and a mode choice model. The results demonstrate the robustness of the models and methodology implemented thus providing important innovations for transportation and land-use planning.
How to Cite
Authors who publish with JTLU agree to the following terms: 1) Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial License 4.0 that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal. 2) Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal. 3) Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work.