Development of rail infrastructure and its impact on urbanization in the Randstad, the Netherlands

Dena Kasraian, Kees Maat, Bert van Wee

Abstract


Long-term, large-scale empirical studies on the simultaneous development of transport infrastructure and the built environment are scarce. This paper provides a long-term study of the development of the railway network and its impact on the built-up area—and vice versa—using the case study of the Randstad in the Netherlands between 1850 and 2010. The analysis is both qualitative and quantitative. We describe the shares of the built-up area in concentric buffers of 1-kilometer intervals from railway stations and estimate binomial logit models to predict the likelihood of new stations being built based on the amount of the preceding and subsequent built-up area and the likelihood that a new station might have encouraged further growth. Results show that during the early days stations followed existing urbanization patterns. But as time went by, new stations were more likely to be located in undeveloped areas and less likely to be located within the established built-up areas, which were already serviced by existing stations. Moreover, they prompted further growth, increasing the likelihood of more urbanization in their vicinity.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Alpkokin, P. 2012. Historical and critical review of spatial and transport planning in the Netherlands. Land Use Policy 29(3): 536–547.

Anas, A., R. Arnott, and K. A. Small. 1998. Urban spatial structure. Journal of Economic Literature 36(3): 1426–1464.

Annema, J. A., and B. van Wee. 2009. 200 Years of Dutch Transport Policy. Paper presented at the 15th Annual International Sustainable Development Research Conference, Utrecht, the Netherlands, July 5–8.

Atack, J., F. Bateman, M. Haines, and R. A. Margo. 2010. Did railroads induce or follow economic growth? Urbanization and population growth in the American Midwest, 1850–1860. Social Science History 34(2): 171–197.

Axhausen, K. W., P. Froelich, and M. Tschopp. 2011. Changes in Swiss accessibility since 1850. Research in Transportation Economics 31: 72–80.

Badoe, D. A., and E. J. Miller. 2000. Transportation-land-use interaction: Empirical findings in North America, and their implications for modeling. Transportation Research Part D-Transport and Environment 5(4): 235–263.

Banister, D. 2005. Unsustainable Transport: City Transport in the New Century. London: Routledge.

Banister, D., and J. Berechman. 2001. Transport investment and the promotion of economic growth. Journal of Transport Geography 9: 209–218.

Bollinger, C. R., and K. R. Ihlanfeldt. 1997. The impact of rapid rail transit on economic development: The case of Atlanta’s MARTA. Journal of Urban Economics 42(2): 179–204.

Cavallo, R. 2007. Railway and the Dutch city. In OverHolland 5. Architectonische studies voor de Hollandse stad, edited by F. Claessens and H. Engel, 6–10. Amsterdam: SUN Architecture.

Centraal Bureau voor de Statistiek (CBS) and Kadaster. 2015. Mutatiereeks Bodemgebruik 1996–2010.

Clark, W. A. V., and M. Kuijpers-Linde. 1994. Commuting in restructuring urban regions. Urban Studies 31(3): 465–483.

de Jong, H. J. 1992. Les transports intérieurs aux Pays-Bas avant et pendant la formation du réseau ferroviaire (1800-1880). Histoire, Économie et Société 11(1): 61–79.

Demirel, H., E. Sertel, S. Kaya, and D. Z. Seker. 2008. Exploring impacts of road transportation on environment: A spatial approach. Desalination 226(1–3): 279–288.

Deurloo, M. C., and G. A. Hoekveld. 1980. The Population Growth of the Urban Municipalities in the Netherlands between 1849 and 1970, with Particular Reference to the period 1899-1930. Amsterdam: Free University, Institute for Geographical Studies and Urban and Regional Planning.

Dieleman, F. M., M. J. Dijst, and T. Spit. 1999. Planning the compact city: The Randstad Holland experience. European Planning Studies 7(5): 605–621.

Dieleman, F. M., and M. Wegener. 2004. Compact city and urban sprawl. Built Environment 30(4): 308–323.

Dijksterhuis, R. 1984. Spoorwegtracering en stedenbouw in Nederland; Historische analyse van een wisselwerking, de eerste eeuw: 1840–1940. Ph.D. diss. Delft, the Netherlands: Delft University of Technology.

Dijksterhuis, R. 1989. Spoorwegen en planologie. Vijftig jaar ruimtelijke ordening langs de rails. In Het Spoor; 150 Jaar Spoorwegen in Nederland, edited by J. A. Faber, 134–176. Amsterdam: Meulenhoff Informatief.

Duranton, G., and M. A. Turner. 2012. Urban growth and transportation. Review of Economic Studies 79(4): 1407–1440.

Engel, H., and F. Claessens, eds. 2005. OverHolland 2. Architectonische studies voor de Hollandse stad. Amsterdam: Sun Architecture.

Ewing, R., and R. Cervero. 2010. Travel and the built environment. Journal of the American Planning Association 76(3): 265–294.

Geurs, K. T., and B. van Wee. 2006. Ex-post evaluation of 30 years of compact urban development in the Netherlands. Urban Studies 43(1): 139–160.

Giuliano, G. 2004. Land use impacts of transportation investments: highway and transit. In The Geography of Urban Transportation, edited by S. Hanson and G. Giuliano, 237–273. New York: The Guilford Press.

Giuliano, G., C. Redfearn, A. Agarwal, and S. He. 2012. Network accessibility and employment centers. Urban Studies 49(1): 77–95.

Herranz-Loncán, A. 2007. The spatial distribution of Spanish transport infrastructure between 1860 and 1930. Annals of Regional Science 41(1): 189–208.

Hoyt, H. 1939. The structure and growth of residential neighborhoods in American cities. Washington, DC: US Government Printing Office.

Huang, W. 1994. The effects of transportation infrastructure on nearby property values: A review of literature. Working Paper 620: Berkeley, CA: Institute of Urban and Regional Development, University of California Berkeley.

Koopmans, C., P. Rietveld, and A. Huijg. 2012. An accessibility approach to railways and municipal population growth, 1840–1930. Journal of Transport Geography 25: 98–104.

Kramer, H., and G. van Dorland. 2009. Historisch Brondgebruik Nederland: een Landelijke Reconstructie van het Grondgebruik Rond 1990. Wageningen, the Netherlands: Alterra, Wageningen University.

Laan, L. van der, 1998. Changing urban systems: An empirical analysis at two spatial levels. Regional Studies 32(3): 235–247.

Ministry of Housing, Physical Planning and the Environment. 1991. Fourth Report on Physical Planning (Extra). The Hague.

Ministry of Transport, Public Works and Water Management. 1990. Second Transport Structure Plan, Part D: Government Decision. The Hague.

Mumford, L. 1961. The city in history: Its origins, its transformations, and its prospects. In The History of the City, edited by L. Benevolo. New York: Harcourt, Brace and World.

Musterd, S., R. B. Jobse, and H. M. Kruythoff. 1991. Residential mobility and urban change in the Randstad: Some (dis)similarities between Amsterdam, Rotterdam and The Hague. Housing and the Built Environment 6(2): 101–113.

Nationaal Georegister. 2011. Nationaal Wegen Bestand Spoorwegen WMS.

Rietveld, P., and F. Bruinsma. 1998. Is Transport Infrastructure Effective? Berlin: Springer.

Rodrigue, J. P., C. Comtois, and B. Slack. 2009. The Geography of Transport Systems. New York: Routledge.

Schmal, H. 2003. Cities and railways in the Netherlands between 1830 and 1860. In The City and the Railway in Europe, edited by R. Roth and M. N. Polino, 29–44. Surrey, UK: Ashgate Publishing Limited.

Sluiter, J. W. 2002. Overzicht van de Nederlandse Spoor en Tramweg-Bedrijven. Utrecht, the Netherlands: Matrijs.

Stanilov, K. 2003. Accessibility and land use: The case of suburban Seattle, 1960–1990. Regional Studies 37(8): 783–794.

van der Knaap, G. A. 1978. A spatial analysis of the evolution of an urban system: The case of the Netherlands. Ph.D. diss. Rotterdam: Erasmus University.

van Eck, J. R., and D. Snellen. 2006. Is the Randstad a city network? Evidence from commuting patterns. Presented at the European Transport Conference, September 18, Strasbourg.

Wegener, M., F. Gnad, and M. Vannahme. 1986. The time scale of urban change. In Advances in Urban Systems Modeling, edited by B. Hutchinson and M. Batty, 175–197. Amsterdam: North-Holland Publishing.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5198/jtlu.2015.665


Copyright (c) 2015 Dena Kasraian, Kees Maat & Bert van Wee